Immigration to Canada
Federal Skilled Worker Program
Currently, all applications for Canada's Federal Skilled Worker immigration program are made and processed through Citizenship and Immigration Canada's new Express Entry portal. On this page, you'll find information about the eligibility requirements for applying as a Federal Skilled Worker.
The first requirement for applying as a Federal Skilled Worker is to have qualified work experience. To be considered "qualified," your work experience must consist of at least 12 months of continuous employment that meets the following criteria:
- work that is full-time for 1 year (30 hours per week, 1,560 hours total) or part time for 2 years (15 hours per week, 1,560 hours total)
- work that is paid (volunteer work or unpaid internships are not qualified)
- work that is for the same employer
- work that has occurred in the last 10 years
- work that is considered to be at skill level 0, A, or B of the National Occupational Classification
The second eligibility requirement for Federal Skilled Workers is proficiency in English or French. In order to demonstrate language skill, applicants must pass a CIC-approved language exam.
You also must have education credentials proving that you have completed secondary (high school) or post-secondary education. If your education was completed outside of Canada, the credentials must show that your education is equal to a Canadian secondary education.
After meeting the minimum requirements, applicants are assigned a points value based on further selection criteria. In order to be processed further, an applicant must receive at least 67 out of 100 possible points. The factors are as follows:
- language skill
- work experience
- arranged employment
- projected adaptability
Additionally, all applicants must pass a medical examination and a security check, as well as prove their ability to support themselves and their dependents financially upon arrival in Canada. Finally, applicants must plan to live outside the province of Quebec. Those wishing to live or work in Quebec should apply to the more specific Quebec Skilled Worker Program.
Fees and Processing Times
While application fees and processing times can vary, the new Express Entry system has helped to simplify and quicken the process. In general, once a candidate has met the entry requirements and is invited to apply for residency, his or her application will be processed within six months.
Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) is using a new system called Express Entry to make migrating to Canada easier and faster for qualified individuals. Express Entry is a two-step process in which potential immigrants first make it known that they wish to move to Canada, after which government entities and employers work together in selecting candidates from within the Express Entry pool. This new program is intuitive and simple, and offers significant benefits to immigrants as well as to Canadian employers.
How It Works
The first step in the process is for individuals to create an online profile through which they express their interest in moving to Canada. The profile provides information about a person's skills, work experience, language proficiency, education, and other personal details. The profile also serves as a way for the CIC and Canadian employers to identify which candidates have current job offers, and to connect them with potential future employees. When completing the profile, candidates who do not have a current job offer or a provincial nomination are required to register with the Canadian Job Bank. Using all of this information, the Express Entry system compiles a comprehensive ranking and assigns a points value to each candidate on a 1,200 point scale. Profiles remain active for 12 months at a time, while candidates with the highest points values are periodically selected to apply for permanent residency in Canada.
Benefit for Employers
For employers, this means being able to browse through profiles of potential employees who have been pre-screened for immigration eligibility. Using the online system, they can connect with candidates and make an offer of employment. Once a candidate has been selected, there is a 60 day window for submitting an application for residency, which is typically processed within the following six months.
Who is Eligible for Express Entry?
In order to qualify for the Express Entry program, you first must ensure that you are eligible for residency in Canada according to at least one of three immigration programs. These are the:
Federal Skilled Worker Class
Federal Skilled Trades Class
Canadian Experience Class
If you are eligible for Express Entry, there are a few things you can do in preparation for being placed in the candidate pool. For instance, you may want to prepare for certain language exams, have your foreign education or trade credentials appraised by Canadian standards, or consider the possibility of qualifying for a Canadian Provincial Nominee Program.
Immigrating to Canada as a Refugee
Each year, Canada becomes a new home to thousands of refugees who have been forced to flee their home countries due to persecution and other reasons. Canada's Refugee and Humanitarian Resettlement Program helps those in need of assistance who have left their home country and are outside of Canada. On this page you will find basic information about the Refugee and Humanitarian Resettlement Program, including eligibility requirements and the various types of resettlement processes.
Determining Eligibility for Resettlement
All potential immigrants seeking refugee status in Canada must be:
- sponsored by a group of private Canadian citizens
- or -
- referred to the Resettlement Program by the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) or other recognized referral agency
In addition to these criteria, refugees will be required to undergo a medical screening and security check, as well as be found admissible according to Canada's immigration statutes.
It is important to note that you will not be allowed to apply directly for refugee status at any Canadian embassy or visa office.
Classes of Eligibility
All immigrants referred to the Resettlement Program will fall into one of two classes.
Those in the Convention Refugee Abroad Class are unable to return to their home country because of a realistic fear of persecution based on race, religion, political opinion, ethnic background, nationality, gender, or sexual orientation.
Those in the Country of Asylum Class have fled the country where they live because they have been significantly and personally affected by armed conflict or suffered clear human rights violations.
Reasons for Ineligibility
You may not be considered for the Resettlement Program if you:
- have an offer to be resettled in another country
- choose to return to the country you are seeking refuge from
- no longer have reasonable fear of persecution or human rights violations
There are three main ways in which refugees are resettled in Canada.
In the Government-Assisted Refugee program, Convention refugees are fully supported by the Canadian government for up to one year.
In the Privately Sponsored Refugee program, Convention or Asylum refugees are fully supported by private sponsorship groups for up to one year.
In the Blended Visa Office-Referred Refugee program, Convention refugees who are referred by the UNHCR receive a mixture of support from the Canadian government and from private sponsors.
In Canada, as a rapidly growing country, there is always a great demand for specialists in various fields of expertise. Therefore, the government stimulates and encourages the immigration of citizens of other countries who can help the development of economy, science, and culture through their knowledge and experience.
Canada is one of the largest countries in the world that has a huge territory with very different geographical characteristics of their regions. In some provinces, mining industry is highly developed, in others – agriculture, in the third – the industry itself.
The constant progress of the economy depends on the development of industry and national resources, such as minerals, renewable energy, forest, agricultural land and fishing area.
Now in Canada, only about 8% of the territory is used for agriculture, with a quarter of the land is used for crop production, and the rest – for the livestock and poultry industries. In turn, the mining industry provides the raw materials for the industry, stimulating its active development.
All these factors contribute to the expansion of industrial, construction and agricultural industries, which ultimately leads to an increased demand in the labor market and to local employment.
Due to geographical and cultural differences in each of the provinces, there are its own specific requirements for immigrants, due to the peculiarities of the economy and culture of each region. Therefore, in Canada, there is Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) that allows local authorities to set their own criteria that are relevant to the peculiarities of the development of a province.
Provincial Nominee Program PNP allows potential immigrants, who, for any reasons, did not satisfy the criteria of the Federal program, to come live and work in a particular province if their skills meet local, other than the federal requirements. In fact, the Provincial Nominee Program expands opportunities for many people to immigrate to Canada and obtain permanent resident status.
The procedure provides that if you apply for immigration on Provincial Nominee Program, it would be considered exactly by the criteria for a particular province. The applications of those candidates who meet these requirements receive a so-called nomination, which gives the applicant the right to apply to the Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration Canada for permanent resident status.
The PNP provincial program involving all ten provinces and one territory - Alberta, British Columbia, Quebec, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Saskatchewan, and Yukon.
If you are interested in Provincial Nominee Program, and you are interested in what region your abilities would be the most efficient, please contact us, we would give detailed information on each of the provinces, answer all your questions, and help you to get the documents.