The name of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, daughter of Her Majesty Queen Victoria, has affected many of the names in this province: Lake Louise, village of Carolina, Mount Alberta, and the name of the province itself – Alberta. Male names were given to the two largest cities: Calgary and Edmonton, the capital where the majority of the population resides. Oil and gas industry has grown to the international level in these parts.
Native American tribes have historically occupied the area. Despite minor differences, they spoke the same language, had common roots and hunted buffalo – the bisons of the prairie. Now the land is partially preserved, there are several Indian reservations.
In Edmonton, close to the Space Research Centre, which has the first and largest Canadian planetarium, is the Edmonton Mall, the famous shopping complex that is considered the largest in the world.
The dry mountain climate makes the area near Calgary similar to Texas. Therefore, a festival of the Wild West is held there each year. The indomitable spirit that supports the motto of the province “Strong and Free“, cowboy hats, ethnic Indian clothes – all this flavor can be found on the streets of the city.
A very interesting park is located in the suburbs of the town of Drumheller. It has a collection of more than a 100 species of plants and statues of prehistoric animals on its territory, where the remains of dinosaurs that once inhabited the area can be found to this day.
New Brunswick is the heart of official bilingualism. Bordering with Francophone Quebec, as well as Anglophone Nova Scotia and the state of Maine, the province uses both languages. A bridge over the Northumberland Strait connecting Prince Edward’s island with the continent is located here.
Historically, this area was inhabited by Indians. Based on archaeological research, we know that the settling of other peoples was very rare. Presumably, the Vikings tried to take over these shores in the II century. The next mention of a visit by the Europeans dates back to the XVI century, when the French sailed to the shores of Canada, led by explorer Jacques Cartier. Interestingly, the first nation to drive the Indians away was the Danes.
The province’s internal economy is based on the cultivation of potatoes, which is distributed across the entire country. Mining and quarrying also plays an important role. The richness of the forests is striking in its scope, as they cover almost all of the land.
Due to the fairly small inflow of immigrants, slowly increasing population of Fredericton retains the original beauty of the capital. The city is located at the confluence of two rivers, Nashwaak and Saint John, while its other side meets the Atlantic Ocean.
The mild continental climate is favorable for walks in the national and city parks. Officers’ Park in Gagetown is famous for its military parades. Today, it is populated by artists and actors, and is the oldest city which originally housed the British.
Moosehead Beer is a large Canadian beer-brewing brand, founded in 1867 in Saint John. The town is famous not only for its alcoholic beverages, but also for its incredibly beautiful and high tides.
The Magnetic Hill, which alters the usual concept of gravity, is an entertaining natural phenomenon can be observed in the vicinity of the town Moncton. This hill pushes away metal objects, causing them to float in the air.
The motto of the province: “Hope restored”.
For almost a third of the year, Newfoundland is shrouded in a white fog, and the rocky shore, stretching up into the Appalachian Mountains, makes the sight even more picturesque. The province is bordered by two straits: Cabot Strait and Belle-Ile. The area is dotted with deposits of minerals, and in the southeastern part of the coast lies one of the world’s main commercial fisheries – Grand Banks of Newfoundland. The main portion of the population is dispersed along the coast of the Avalon Peninsula.
Every piece of land here has a history; there are many of excavation sites, historical parks and restored monuments. The first Viking settlement dates back to the XI century and has not changed since. St. John’s, the current capital of the province, is the oldest location historically populated by the British since the middle of the XVI century. In addition, a large concentration of churches follows and justifies the motto of Newfoundland and Labrador, “Seek ye first the kingdom of God.” A unique fluvarium is located in Newfoundland’s Freshwater Resource Center, a 25-meter glass window into the nature’s wide variety.
Natural and beautiful scenery of local villages attracts professional and amateur photo and video enthusiasts alike. More than 80 national and natural parks are spread out along the coast. Particular attention should be paid to Cape Spear: a beacon in the national park offers beautiful views of drifting icebergs brought from Greenland by the passage of a stream as well as migrating whales.
Another entertaining historical trivia occurred nearby, in the town of Corner Brook. In the distant past, it was here where Captain James Cook started his great journey around the world, having conquered the earth’s surface in a record time by the standards of those days.